In 5th grade, students practice more complex computation with fractions, decimals, and larger numbers, using all four basic operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. They also often solve equations that require multiple steps and must be completed in a specific order — for example, solving equations in parentheses first. (Help her practice these math skills and many others with Scholastic Success With Math Tests: Grade 5).
Fifth grade math also emphasizes real-life situations to help students strengthen their skills and solve problems that occur in their own lives. To do this, it often uses real-life objects and math tools like money, rulers, and visuals to teach new concepts. As in previous grades, 5th graders are often asked to explain how they solve problems to ensure that they truly understand the underlying concepts.
|To build math skills, your fifth grader:|
|Uses addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division to solve word problems.||Practices using parentheses and brackets in equations, knowing the proper order to use to solve the equations.||Solves division equations that include remainders and divides numbers that have up to four digits by numbers that have up to two digits.||Adds, subtracts, multiplies, and divides fractions with different denominators.||Understands the relationship between different units of measurement and can convert one unit to another (for example, centimeters to inches).||Follows a pattern or set of guidelines to create a number. For example: Start with 5, add 3 five times, and subtract 1. What number are you left with? Students then do the same with another set of guidelines and explain the connections between the two patterns.|